What’s the difference in treatment of investment property between FRS 105 and FRS 102?
Too many accountants rely on the computer software to produce the correct result, which can go badly wrong. You can’t beat reading the standards themselves. In this case, the March 2018 version (as amended) of FRS 105 and more particularly Section 12 of FRS 105 which deals with Property, plant and equipment and Investment Property.
Investment property assets are normally carried at revaluation under Irish GAAP i.e. FRS 102, but it’s dangerous to assume that FRS 105 allows the same treatment. For the purposes of this blog, I am ignoring the FRS 102 options for investment property, which allow for cost/fair value models, in certain circumstances. Instead I want to focus on the fact that FRS 105 removes most FRS 102 options.
Where the company owning the property is a ‘micro-entity’ (as defined in the Companies Act, 2014 with turnover €700k, gross assets €350k, and less than 10 employees), it is not allowed apply the alternative accounting rules/fair value accounting rules under FRS 105, because the Companies Act, 2014 does not permit the use of these options.
Therefore, investment property must be carried at cost under FRS 105.12.3 and the knock-on effect of this is that the investment property must also be depreciated under FRS 105.12.15 because that is a requirement of the cost model.
The bottom line is that if you have ‘small’ (as defined in the Companies Act, 2014) company clients who wish to report investment property assets at revaluation or at fair value, then they must adopt FRS 102 Section 1A (as amended) or else the full version of FRS 102 (March 2018) (as amended).